Learning and Sharing

Conversation Mapping




I love combining resources to make an outstanding lesson/session for a client.  A few of my teen clients are working on conversation building.  Here are some of the resources that we use:


First, I like to start with this Conversation Mapping activity



After practicing several conversation scripts, we move on to video modeling



The social skills videos on the Model Me Kids app are excellent for teaching perspective taking.  The narration, graphics, and visuals, all done by teens, help explain the hidden social rules of conversation.



Most of my teen clients find it difficult to start conversations based on other people’s interests.  With the photos provided and the visual prompts of connecting comments, wondering questions, and compliments in this free download the groups have what they need for more guided practice.


Finally, we use what we have learned by building conversations using the Conversation Builder Teen app.

After lots of practice, it is time to venture out into the real world to try all that we have learned.  A great place for real world practice is the Friday night Teen Social Skills Group at Peak Experiences climbing wall!  For more information on this group contact me at



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Cause and Effect in Reading Comprehension

The world is full of causes and effects, so it is no surprise that literature and non-fiction writings contain cause and effect references.  Cause and effect is a literacy tool used to help students comprehend when actions and reactions occur. Identifying cause and effect relationships within a story helps students focus on two important elements of comprehension: what happens in the story and why it happened.

  • The cause is why or the reason something happened. It answers the question Why or How. Authors often identify the cause using signal words: Because… Since… Cause… Reason… So that… Unless… The main reason… Due to… For the simple reason that…
  • The effect is the result of what happened. It answers the questions: What happened? What was the result? Authors typically indicate the effect using these signal words: As a result of… If… Consequently… Effect… Therefore… Thus… So… Because of this… So that… For this reason…

Sometimes, before we can understand cause and effect in the stories we read, we must first understand cause and effect in our daily lives.




I find that I weave the Social Thinking® vocabulary throughout therapy and reading tutoring sessions. The concepts are applicable no matter what we are doing. “Think with your eyes and find the clues”.






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